Review the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), Section 8.2, “Plagiarism” and 8.3, “Self-Plagiarism.” Review the Study Notes, “Introduction to Scholarly Writing: Plagiarism and Academic Integrity.” Think about what you have learned about academic integrity from the websites. Read the original passage below, excerpted from the following source: Crossen, C. (1994). Tainted: The manipulation of fact in America. New York, NY: Touchstone, pp. 166–167. “Doctors, whose first allegiance is supposed to be to their patients, have traditionally stood between drug company researchers and trusting consumers. Yet unless there is evidence of misconduct (the deliberate misrepresentation of something as fact by someone who knows it is not), it is very difficult to discover and virtually impossible to prove that a piece of biomedical research has been tainted by conflict of interest. No study is perfect, and problems arise in the labs of even the most conscientious and honest researchers. Although biomedical research incorporates rigorous scientific rules and is often critically scrutinized by peers, the information can nevertheless be warped—by ending a study because the results are disappointing; changing rules mid-study; not trying to publish negative results; publicizing preliminary results even with final and less positive results in hand; skimming over or even not acknowledging drawbacks; and, especially, casting the results in the best light or, as scientists say, buffing them.” Write a 1– to 2–page paper in which you: Explain how you can recognize plagiarism. Explain ways in which you can avoid plagiarism in your own writing. Paraphrase Crossen’s passages using no more than 75–100 words. Remember that paraphrasing means summarizing the essence of an original short text. It does not mean creating a thesaurus-like revision of the author’s original words or copying the piece, or any part of it, word for word. For this assignment, do not use any direct quotes in your paraphrasing. Begin your paraphrase with the words: Crossen (1994) argued that…
This paper critically examines the intricate dimensions of academic integrity, focusing on the multifaceted aspects of plagiarism and self-plagiarism. The abstract serves as a compass, guiding readers through the diverse terrain of ethical writing practices, emphasizing their pivotal role in scholarly discourse. By exploring the guidelines outlined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) and supplementing them with insights from scholarly notes on writing, this paper navigates the complexities of recognizing, avoiding, and understanding plagiarism. Additionally, it delves into the art of paraphrasing as a key tool in maintaining authenticity while synthesizing information. This comprehensive exploration aims to equip writers with the necessary tools to safeguard academic integrity while contributing meaningfully to their respective fields of study.