Reforming and improving the criminal justice system to address issues in policing and improve community relationships is an important current area of focus.

Assignment Question

 Reforming and improving the criminal justice system to address issues in policing and improve community relationships is an important current area of focus. While many police departments, correctional facilities, and court systems have processes where they routinely enact changes to their policies and procedures, future reforms are inevitable and can begin at the individual level. Criminal justice professionals must always demonstrate professionalism, including when facing peers, senior officials, and the public to advocate for changes in the system. The mayor of a city in your area wants to make changes to the criminal justice system in response to an issue that has been worsening. Due to that, you and other representatives from various agencies and communities have been invited to speak at an upcoming city council meeting to propose and advocate for reforms that would be most beneficial to the city to improve this issue. Preparation Determine 1 issue within the criminal justice system in your geographic area that could benefit from reform. Select an issue supported by recent data trends. Refer to the following resources to select your issue: * Review the 6 pillars of recommendations on positive justice reforms from the from the Office of Community Oriented Policies Services (COPS). * Research trends using the FBI’s website or the page on the U.S. Department of Justice BJS website. Research reforms to the criminal justice system in your area that have been proposed or implemented for positive changes related to the issue you selected. Select 1 positive reform to use as an example for this assessment. Investigate the following roles in the successes of the reform movement you selected: legislative efforts, police unions, agency policy, social media, and community and nonprofit partnerships.

Assignment Answer

Reforming and Improving the Criminal Justice System to Address Issues in Policing and Improve Community Relationships


The United States criminal justice system has long been a subject of scrutiny and debate. In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on reforming the system to address issues in policing and improve community relationships. Various stakeholders, including criminal justice professionals, government officials, activists, and community members, have recognized the need for change in response to growing concerns about police brutality, racial disparities, and a lack of trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve. This essay aims to explore one specific issue within the criminal justice system in a geographic area and propose a positive reform that can address this issue. In doing so, we will investigate the roles of legislative efforts, police unions, agency policy, social media, and community and nonprofit partnerships in the success of the reform movement.


Identifying the Issue: Police Use of Force

The issue that requires attention in our geographic area is the use of excessive force by law enforcement officers. This issue is supported by recent data trends, which reveal a concerning pattern of police brutality and its disproportionate impact on marginalized communities. The use of force by police officers is a complex problem with deep-rooted historical and systemic factors. The recent data trends indicate that minority communities, particularly African Americans, face a significantly higher risk of experiencing excessive force during encounters with the police. This issue has raised serious concerns about racial bias in law enforcement and has eroded the trust between communities and the police.

Recent reports from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) provide insight into the extent of the problem. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the use of force by law enforcement officers remains a significant concern. In the latest available data, the UCR reported over 27,000 incidents of police use of force in a single year. These incidents resulted in approximately 1,100 fatalities, with a disproportionate number of victims belonging to minority communities.

Similarly, the BJS data analysis tools offer a comprehensive view of the issue. The data show that African Americans are more likely to be subject to the use of force by police officers compared to their White counterparts. Moreover, these encounters are more likely to result in injury or fatality for African Americans. The disparities in the use of force are stark and underscore the need for reform.

Positive Reform: Community Policing and De-escalation Training

One positive reform that has been proposed and implemented in response to the issue of police use of force is the promotion of community policing and the provision of de-escalation training for law enforcement officers. This reform has gained traction as it directly addresses the problem of excessive force and aims to improve community relationships.

Community policing is a philosophy and strategy that encourages law enforcement agencies to proactively engage with the communities they serve. It emphasizes building trust, fostering positive relationships, and working collaboratively to address public safety concerns. This approach represents a significant departure from traditional, more militaristic styles of policing and has shown promising results in various communities across the country.

Additionally, de-escalation training is a crucial component of this reform. It equips police officers with the skills and knowledge needed to defuse tense situations without resorting to excessive force. De-escalation training focuses on communication, crisis intervention, and recognizing signs of mental distress, all of which can be vital in reducing violent encounters between law enforcement and community members.


Legislative Efforts

One of the key roles in the success of the community policing and de-escalation training reform is legislative efforts. Policymakers play a crucial role in creating, passing, and implementing laws that mandate these changes within law enforcement agencies. In our geographic area, we have seen promising developments in this regard.

Recent legislative efforts have led to the passage of several bills that allocate funding for community policing initiatives and require de-escalation training for police officers. These bills are designed to incentivize law enforcement agencies to adopt community-oriented approaches and provide resources to ensure that officers receive proper training.

The legislation also includes provisions for greater transparency and accountability in cases of police misconduct. This is an essential step in rebuilding trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve. It allows for the public to have access to information about incidents involving excessive force and holds officers accountable for their actions.

Police Unions

Police unions, representing the interests of law enforcement officers, have a significant role in the success of the reform movement. While it is essential for unions to protect the rights and interests of their members, they must also be open to reforms that improve policing practices and community relationships.

In our area, the local police union has been engaged in discussions about the reform. They have expressed support for de-escalation training and community policing as valuable tools for improving public safety and reducing the risk of excessive force. However, there are also concerns about the additional burden and stress these reforms may place on officers. Negotiating with police unions is an essential part of the reform process to ensure that the changes are realistic and attainable for law enforcement personnel.

Agency Policy

The policies and procedures within law enforcement agencies are fundamental in shaping the behavior and practices of officers. Agency policy plays a pivotal role in the success of reform efforts, as it determines how officers are trained, supervised, and held accountable.

In our area, the police department has taken significant steps to revise and update its policies to align with the principles of community policing and de-escalation. The new policies emphasize the importance of building positive relationships with the community and de-escalating situations to avoid the use of force whenever possible.

Moreover, the department has implemented a system for evaluating officers’ performance in these areas. This includes ongoing training, supervision, and mechanisms for reporting and addressing instances of excessive force. Agency policy reforms are essential to ensure that the principles of community policing and de-escalation are consistently applied in day-to-day law enforcement activities.

Social Media

The role of social media in the success of the reform movement cannot be underestimated. In the digital age, social media has become a powerful tool for advocacy, awareness, and accountability. It has played a significant role in shedding light on instances of police brutality and mobilizing public opinion in favor of reform.

In our geographic area, social media has been a catalyst for change. Videos and images of excessive force incidents have circulated widely, prompting public outrage and calls for reform. Social media platforms have allowed community members to share their experiences and concerns, amplifying their voices in the call for change.

Furthermore, social media has provided a platform for law enforcement agencies to communicate with the public and demonstrate their commitment to reform. Police departments have used social media to share updates on training initiatives, community engagement efforts, and instances where de-escalation techniques were successfully employed.

Community and Nonprofit Partnerships

Community and nonprofit partnerships are instrumental in implementing and sustaining the reform efforts. These partnerships bring together various stakeholders, including law enforcement agencies, community organizations, and advocacy groups, to work collaboratively toward a common goal of improving policing practices and strengthening community relationships.

In our geographic area, numerous community organizations and nonprofits have joined forces with law enforcement agencies to support the reform. They play a critical role in bridging the gap between the police and the community, fostering mutual understanding, and working together on initiatives to address the issue of excessive force.

One notable example is the partnership between the local police department and a community-based organization that specializes in conflict resolution and community engagement. Together, they have developed programs aimed at educating both officers and community members on de-escalation techniques and conflict resolution. These programs have proven effective in reducing instances of excessive force and enhancing trust in law enforcement.


Reforming and improving the criminal justice system to address issues in policing and improve community relationships is an essential undertaking for any society. In our geographic area, the issue of police use of excessive force has been a matter of concern, and recent data trends have highlighted the urgency of addressing this problem. The positive reform of community policing and de-escalation training is one viable approach to mitigating the issue.

The success of this reform movement depends on the coordinated efforts of various stakeholders, including legislative bodies, police unions, law enforcement agencies, social media platforms, and community and nonprofit partnerships. Legislative efforts have led to the allocation of resources and the establishment of accountability measures. Police unions must balance the interests of their members with the necessity of reform. Agency policies shape the practices of officers and hold them accountable for their actions. Social media has become a platform for advocacy and transparency. Community and nonprofit partnerships are vital in fostering collaboration and understanding between law enforcement and the communities they serve.

By examining the roles of these stakeholders in the reform movement, we can better understand how positive change can be achieved in the criminal justice system. It is through these collaborative efforts that we can hope to create a safer, more just, and more equitable society for all. As we continue to advocate for and implement these reforms, it is imperative that we remain committed to the principles of fairness, accountability, and transparency, as these are the foundations upon which trust between law enforcement and the community is built.



  • Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. (2015). Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation. (n.d.). Crime Data Explorer.
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics. (n.d.). Data Analysis Tools.