In the scenario assignments, you are asked to reflect on responses to the presented scenario. It should not just be writing down your first reaction or what you already know. Reflection involves critical thinking, which means rethinking your existing knowledge and previously held opinions in light of what we have learned about theories of ethics, logic, and reasoning. You will need to question your current knowledge and beliefs. Discuss the main points of the debate, what stance you take, support that stance, and discuss the opposing argument. Also, discuss an ethical theory that would apply to defend your view.
To complete each scenario assignment:
1. Complete the entire scenario.
2. Fill out the template attached below, ask your professor for details on submission.
3. Compose the last question on the template reflection in a Word document and be sure to address, at a minimum, the following questions: Why do you feel the way you do about the issue presented? Of the four responses offered in the scenario, which do you think is the most ethical and why? Which ethical theory would you use to support your stance? Why does this theory work?
4. Support your conclusions with evidence and specific examples from the textbook, including a minimum of one theory of ethics to defend your stance.
5. Your reflection must be 1-2 pages in length and follow APA formatting and citation guidelines as appropriate, making sure to cite at least two sources. 6. Review the rubric for specific grading criteria
Argument about transplant tourism. Patients sometimes go to other third world countries to get organ transplants because of economical situation or due to the long wait lists of organ transplants here. For # 3: these are the four responses, CHOOSE ONE OF THEM to answer question:
A. I agree with Dr Oconnor. While some countries are beginning to implement better regulations for this growing industry, most have not done so adequately . The practical result is that it is unethical to exploit the poor for body parts will not inhibit medical progress. Exploitation and a lack of regulation are precisely the reasons that is an issue in the first place.
B. We can, and should proceeed with caution in the international arena. Transplant tourism is not necessarily a problem. Room for improvement exiats where regulations are concerned, but in most cases this is just an example of the way a world economy functions. Developing countries take advantage of industries with needs that they can address at a lower cost than their competitors. Thats a practical reality, even if it’s an uncomfortable one. As long as the organs come from ethical sources, it isnt a problem. Even if there is a problem, we dont want to dip our feet too far into international waters.
C. Our statement should be concise and impossible to misunderstand, unequivocally condemning international organ transplants. All such should be rendered unlawful immediately. That would surely send a message that could not be ignored and that would likely spur the immediate reforms so deperately needed.
D. Dr. O’Conner is on the right track, but we must keep in mind Dr. Reynolds perspective as well. Transplant tourism is a serious problem and yes, we do have an obligation to tread on international toes. Some reformsare already underway in countries known to have problems with black market organs. The US is often accused of forcing views onto countries that may not agree with us. We have an obligation to speak out, but it will serve us better to do so in a culturally sensitive way.